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Information about Oman!


Oman, officially the Sultanate of Oman is an Arab country in the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. Holding a strategically important position at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, the nation is bordered by the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest, and shares marine borders with Iran and Pakistan. Arabic is the official language of Oman.

Historically, Muscat was the principal trading port of the Persian Gulf region. Muscat was also among the most important trading ports of the Indian Ocean. In 2010 the UNDP ranked Oman as the most improved nation in the world in terms of development during the preceding 40 years. Oman is categorized as a high-income economy.

History
A decade after Vasco da Gama´s voyage around the Cape of Good Hope and to India in 1497–98, the Portuguese arrived in Oman and occupied Muscat from 1507 to 1650. Their fortress still remains. Except for a brief Persian invasion in the late 1740s, Oman has been self-governing ever since. In 1981 Oman became a founding member of the six-nation Gulf Cooperation Council. Oman is a.monarcy.A vast gravel desert plain covers most of central Oman, with mountain ranges along the north (Al Hajar Mountains) and southeast coast. Oman´s climate is hot and dry in the interior and humid along the coast. The climate generally is very hot, with temperatures reaching around 50 °C (122.0 °F) from May to September.

Oman today
Tourism is the fastest-growing industry in Oman. Other sources of income, agriculture and industry, are small in comparison. Tourism in Oman has grown considerably recently, and it is expected to be one of the largest industries in the country. Oman is particularly well known for cultural tourism.

The peninsula of Musandam exclave, which has a strategic location on the Strait of Hormuz, is separated from the rest of Oman by the United Arab Emirates. The series of small towns known collectively as Dibba are the gateway to the Musandam peninsula on land and the fishing villages of Musandam by sea, with boats available for hire at Khasab for trips into the Musandam peninsula by sea.

 The male national dress in Oman consists of the dishdasha, a simple, ankle-length, collarless gown with long sleeves. Underneath the dishdasha, men wear a plain, wide strip of cloth wrapped around the body from the waist down. The most noted regional differences in dishdasha designs are the style with which they are embroidered.

Omani women wear eye-catching national costumes, with distinctive regional variations. All costumes incorporate vivid colours and vibrant embroidery and decorations. In the past, the choice of colours reflected a tribe´s tradition.


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